Employment Lawyers in Italy | Labour Law in Italy
Dimarco & Partners
Our Employment Lawyers in Milan, Italy are specialized in the field of Labour Law. We assist corporate entites, employees and managers involved in labour issues in the whole italian territory. During the last years the Labour Law changed several times (Fornero reform in the year 2012, in 2015 the Jobs Act made a strong revolution, and again on 07.08.2018 the government issued the "decreto dignità" converted in law). The last event that changed the labour law in Italy was a sentence of the Constitutional Court, in September 2018.
Dimarco & Partners, and its team of qualified italian lawyers, offers a wide range of legal services in the field of labour law as for example: individual dismissals, collective dismissals, manager dismissals, contracts, retirement incentives, conciliations and litigation. We provide also consultancy to Corporates, as during transactions, in mergers and acquisitions and in in the transfers of business. In these operations, that often involve a corporate reorganization and a review of the workforce, the role of the lawyers becomes crucial to proceed correctly. We provide a customised assistance for corporates, for managers and individuals.
I. ASSISTANCE IN FAVOUR OF CORPORATE ENTITIES:
Once a foreigner investor enters in the italian market, he needs a qualified assistance in the matter of employment law. Italian rules are complicates and there are many specific laws that a company shall respect in order to avoid administrative fines, criminal proceedings and disputes in front of the labour authorities.
Our employment lawyers in Italy provide the following services to Corporates entities:
II. LEGAL ASSISTANCE IN FAVOUR OF DISMISSED MANAGERS:
Our team of employment lawyers in Italy has many years of experience in assisting managers of national and multinational companies in the procedures of appealing the dismissals received from the employer. The role of manager is assigned to those who are considered the alter ego of the employer and they normally have the autonomous decision making powers to achieve the objectives of the company. This category, although it has some peculiarities, is included in the definition of employee contained in the art. 2095 of the Italian Civil Code.
Our lawyers, specialized in labour law, provide assistance in favor of executive managers according to a method inspired by the procedural accuracy, following a predefined process and through the following steps:
III. LEGAL ASSISTANCE IN FAVOUR OF INDIVUALS:
Our Law Firm is also specialized in assisting individuals dimissed from their work place. The contestation must be carried out with extreme precision, indicating all its unlawful element within 60 days from the receipt of the dismissal letter. This is a perentory tem and if it is not observed, the employee loses all the rights to sue the employer. This terms is not generally applied for oral dismissals. There are are various reasons to fire a worker and we can underline the aspects of the different kinds of dimissal:
A) DIMISSAL WITHOUT NOTICE - DISMISSAL FOR JUST CAUSE (licenziamento per giusta causa):
Under the article. 2119 of the Italian Civil Code, the working relationship can be terminated at any moment without notice, whenever something occurs which prevents the continuation, even temporaly, of the working relationship. It demands a significant violation of the employee.
Sometimes it is not easy to distinguish the differences between the dimissal for just case and the dismissal for infraction. The distinction between the two figures is only quantitative, not qualitative (the just cause belongs to extremely relevant misconducts, meanwhile less important misconduts will bring to dismissal for infractions. As we will analyze during this chapter, there is a relevant difference between the consecuences of these two kinds of dismissals.
According to art. 5 Law 604/1966 the employer should prove the misconduct of the employee and not viceversa. In case the employer doesn't manage to prove the relevant misconduct, the dismissal has to be considered unlawful with the following possible consecuences:
This type of dismissal requires a significant breach of the worker (ex. Art. 3 Law 604/1966). This figure differs from the termination for just cause (art. 2119 cc) for the following profiles:
The "decree Digniity - Decreto Dignità", that became effective on 07.08.2018, amended this provision establishing a minimum of 6 months and a maximum of 36 months -.
However, if the material fact that brought to the termination does not exist (for example the employee is fired because he stole a computer but in the end the computer was not stolen by him), the judge will order to the employer to reinstate the employee and to pay him a compensation for the damages equal to his salary from the day of the dismissal till the day of the effective reinstatement, with a maximum of 12 months of salary.
C) DISCRIMINATORY DISMISSAL (licenziamento per motivi discriminatori):
Under the Article n.15, Law 300/1970 - Workers' Statute - a dismissal is considered discriminatory if the reason depends from one of the following reasons:
A. Direct discrimination any provision, criterion, practice, act, pact or behavior that produces a discrimination of an employee or a less favourable treatment.
B. Indirect discrimination: any provision, criterion, practice, act, pact or behavior apparently neutral that bring a particular disadvantage of some employees.
The consecuences of the disciminatory dismissals are the following ones:
The employer can also order the dismissal for objective justified reasons. This type of dismissal is one of the most common in case the companies try to reduce the business costs and the cost of the workers. According to article 3 of the Law 604/1966, this kind of dismissals are determined by reasons related mainly to production and work (re)organization.
There are two mainly hypotheses to dismiss an employee for objective justified reasons:
Please note that for all the cases above, except the disciminatatory dismissals, the Constitutional Court, on 26.09.2018, decided that the criterion of the years of service in the company is not constitutional. That is why now the Court has discretional powers to establish the indemnities between a minimum of 6 months of salary and a maximum of 36 months, not taking in consideration only the years of service in the company.
As for the protection of the worker we offer the following services: